'Nighttime Gathering' Persian minature, floral detail, Muhammad Zaman
Floral detail from ‘A Nighttime Gathering’, Folio from the Davis Album, by Muhammad Zaman. Made in Iran, Isfahan. Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC.
Muhammad Paolo Zaman Kirmani, known as Muhammad Zaman (active 1680 – c.1700), was a Safavid calligrapher and painter. He was a native of Kirman, Persia (Iran). He was influenced by Italian painting techniques, and legend has it that he was sent to Rome and studied there, becoming a Catholic convert - however, it is more likely that he studied under a European artist in Isfahan. It is also possible that he spent part of his career in Mughal India.